National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
On October 1, 1988, the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-660) created the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP). The VICP was established to ensure an adequate supply of vaccines, stabilize vaccine costs, and establish and maintain an accessible and efficient forum for individuals found to be injured by certain vaccines. The VICP is a no-fault alternative to the traditional tort system for resolving vaccine injury claims that provides compensation to people found to be injured by certain vaccines. The U. S. Court of Federal Claims decides who will be paid. Three Federal government offices have a role in the VICP:
the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS);
the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ); and
the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (the Court).
Authorizing Legislation (PDF- 497 KB)
Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund
The Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund provides funding for the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program to compensate vaccine-related injury or death claims for covered vaccines administered on or after October 1, 1988.
The Trust Fund is funded by a $0.75 excise tax on vaccines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for routine administration to children. The excise tax is imposed on each dose (disease that is prevented) of a vaccine. Trivalent influenza vaccine for example, is taxed $0.75 because it prevents one disease; measles-mumps-rubella vaccine, which prevents three diseases, is taxed $2.25.
The Department of Treasury collects the excise taxes and manages the Fund’s investments. Vaccine Injury Compensation Trust Fund Monthly Reports
National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)
Parklawn Building, Room 11C-26
5600 Fishers Lane
Rockville, Maryland 20857
Office of Communications
Health Resources and Services Administration
5600 Fishers Lane 20857
Rockville, MD 20857
Contacting the Court for More Information about Filing a Claim
U.S. Court of Federal Claims
717 Madison Place, N.W.
Washington, DC 20005
Obtaining a List of Lawyers Who File VICP Claims
A list of vaccine attorneys can be obtained by accessing the Court’s website or your State or local bar association.
Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)
VAERS is a Federal program used to report injuries or illnesses that occur after a vaccine is given. Filing a VAERS report is not the same as filing a claim with the VICP. VAERS and the VICP are different programs. For more information about VAERS, call 1-800-822-7967 or visit the VAERS website.